The journey to a safe diving experience begins with making the right equipment selection. A diver’s life depends on using the right equipment when diving in certain places. Divers need to choose the right diving gear based on the conditions they expect to dive, like caves, caverns, shallow water etc. Once a diver chooses the correct diving gear, he then needs to learn to use it properly.
What Equipment Do You Need to Scuba Dive?
* Scuba diving mask
* Dive Computer
* Buoyancy Compensator
* Underwater lights
* Surface marker buoys for surface communication
* Underwater signaling devices
* Booties or wet socks
* Helmet for cold water diving
Where To Purchase
Select your retail shop, mail order, individuals for pre-owned or online scuba diving equipment retailer carefully. Chose one that provides excellent service, products, support, expertise, and guarantees. Price should never come before quality and safety. Some scuba diving gear comes in a complete package deal with more than one piece of equipment to help you save time, money, and hassle. Master instructors can certainly tell you the right type of gear to purchase for your certain scuba diving trip.
Equipment You Should Avoid
* Cheap masks usually are made of a rigid silicone, they do not provide a well fit to the face.
* If the suit fits to tightly or rubs
* Wetsuits made with materials that become hard after diving
* Fins that are too heavy can cause cramps in the water
* Split fins are not suitable for Frog kicking style
* Full foots fins are inconvenient in shore dives
* Simple Lycra suits provide little thermal insulation
* Avoid having your scuba equipment to prolonged exposure to sunlight, heat, and chlorinated water
Some Scuba Gear in Water That is 15-24ºC/60-75ºF
Mask- Tempered-glass lens for safety, or lenses made from really strong, high-quality composite materials. High-tech, heads-up display that allows you to check critical dive data.
Snorkels- Folding or collapsing snorkels become compact enough to fit in your BCD or wetsuit pocket. Technical divers often carry these snorkels for emergency use.
Dive computers- one primary and one backup to track and display decompression requirements, and allow tech divers to switch to different kinds of gas blends to optimize decompression.
SPG- displays how much air remains in your tank so that you can end your dive well before you get too low.
Full body suits- Comes with a variety of thicknesses for different water temperatures.
Attached hood- Prevents cold water from flowing in through your wetsuit collar as you swim.
Hoods, gloves and boots– accessories you add when wearing a wetsuit or dry suit for additional warmth and protection.
Shallow Water Diving Gear for Snorkeling
Does not require you to wear heavy or cumbersome equipment. Rafts hold 1 air cylinder in a recessed compartment. Quad Rafts hold 2 air cylinders. Rafts are inflated using a “power inflator nozzle” which is easily connected to a compressed air cylinder. Flag to alert individuals at the surface that there are divers below the water. Participants breathe through a standard scuba regulator system and mouthpiece. Participants wear a lightweight, highly adjustable, quick-release harness from which the air line is attached. Masks and fins are worn. Floatation vest are designed for children.
Scuba Diving Safely With Your Diving Gear
- Be sure that your diving equipment can handle the dive you have planned and that the equipment is working well.
- Cave diving is dangerous and should only be attempted by divers with proper training and equipment.
- During descent, you should gently equalize your ears and mask.
- Never dive outside the parameters of the dive tables or your dive computer.
Building a lean to involves a useful set of skills. People might want to build a lean to for many different reasons. Some people are trying to add more space to their storage sheds, and a lean to makes for a comparatively easy type of addition. Other people might want to build something more like a lean to as a form of shelter while camping. Either way, the skills involved are fairly similar. Still, people who are building a lean to while camping are probably not going to be able to take as many tools with them, and they might have to improvise with some of the available materials.
Camping and Building a Lean To
Building a lean to while camping is going to be that much easier if people are able to use a tree as a support structure. Some people will actually use two thin trees that are close together and spaced correctly as supports for their lean to structures, which can cause the lean to structures to be much more stable.
Lean to structures are made from sticks when people make them during a camping trip. Long and thick sticks are good to use as building materials, but people cannot use sticks that are too thick or too heavy or they are going to cause the structure to collapse. It is important to choose a bunch of sticks that are similar in terms of size, length, and thickness. These are going to work comparatively well as building materials. If people do not have trees to use, then they are going to need to select two thick sticks as their supports. A longer third stick can be used in order to complete the support that will hold up the makeshift roof of the lean to.
It’s a good idea for people to bring materials to fasten the sticks together. Some simple rope materials will usually suffice. Some people might use leather or rawhide. People who know how to make rope using weeds or tree branches can use that. It depends upon how far they want to go in their use of natural materials.
Building a Storage Lean To
People are going to need to decide if they want an open or closed lean to as a household addition. The open ones are just going to consist of a roof and two supports. The closed ones will have the same basic structure, but they will also have walls and a door. Moisture is more of a problem for these outdoor structures, so people should be sure to choose types of materials that are more moisture resistant.
Building a lean to is going to be easier than building most other additions to the house. Some people will need permits for them, but it should be easier to secure permits for lean to structures than for other additions. Building a lean to for the sake of storage is one of the easier woodworking projects people will complete, and one of the most rewarding.
Paracord, also called 550 cord is a nylon kermantle rope initially utilized as suspension lines of US parachutes. Once in the field, US Soldiers discovered this string valuable for some different errands. It is presently utilized as a universally useful utility rope by both military work force and regular people who perceive the one of a kind development of the paracord.
The external sheath development is firmly interlaced permitting it to seem smooth in surface and agreeable to wear against the body. This interesting characteristic has been powerful in the across the board acknowledgment of paracord for standard use, where it has been designed for extra making in wristbands, bottle holders and blade sleeves. This has prompted the assembling of paracord as a universally useful utility rope for both military and numerous regular citizen
Today the cord is being used by military personal and many civilians for many reasons but paratroopers might have been the first people to discover the abundance of uses for this effective cording. Apart from the obvious use as being used for a parachute cord, the military services uses the cording for anything from shoelaces to tying up heavy equipment when moving. The cord can also be used in situations where measurements are needed and could also be employed as fishing line when the thinner core strands are taken out.\
Paracord Used in Space by Astronauts
The Hubble Space Telescope was even repaired utilizing some form of parachute cord the astronauts used. If so, then how fantastic is it that the useful cord is now offered to anyone? Many members of scout troops and avid survivalists have been creating paracord bracelets these days to be prepared for just about any emergency.
The functionality of such bracelets could come into question. How can one long length of parachute line really make a difference in a survival predicament? You can in fact find many ways that a parachute cord have been put to good use in emergencies by doing a little research and some imaginative rigging. The cord can be pulled apart and used to secure branches together to make a shelter if you find yourself lost in the woods with no shelter from the elements. This protection from the elements could be extremely important in a survival situation. Yet another example of a common use is to repair broken equipment or to use strands of it to sew tears in clothing. The strong and waterproof cord could be used as a clothes line or to hold food up out from the reach of bears. Other uses include things like first day emergency situations where a sling or splint is needed and nothing else in anywhere near.
The paracord bracelet is becoming very popular these days and represents a trend that has more to do with safety and survival than it does with fashion. So, exactly what is the cord and why are so many people wearing the cords on their wrists? Is it life saving like people believe? If so, just how could you put it to use to save a life? The answers to these questions (and putting those answers into use) just might mean the real difference between life and death for you or someone you love.
Are you a fan of scuba diving? If so then, you might be interested in building your own diving raft. It’s basically a collection of planks and a floating tool that is used as a launching pad. Besides using the raft for scuba diving you can also use it for other water sports such as deep-water swimming and fishing. Here are some helpful tips for constructing them:
- Decide if you want to anchor the raft
This is one option. Another option is to let the raft freely drift. There are various factors to consider when choosing which option is best for your needs. However, one of the most critical ones is where you’ll be scuba diving. If the water isn’t deep enough for scuba diving, then you’ll definitely want to have the option of allowing the raft to drift freely. However, if you want to dive near the shore, then you should consider attaching it to a pier or similar structure.
- Consider important design issues
Before you start building your design, make sure that you deal with important issues related to its design. For example, which building materials will you use? There are many options, but wood is definitely one of the best choices, due to its low density. However, there are other options so it’s critical to consider various issues such as their density and buoyancy. Another critical factor to take into consideration is the floating mechanism that’s used on the raft. In particular, it should be able to sustain both the weight of the people on the raft, and the raft itself.
- Secure all materials and tools before starting
While this sounds like conventional wisdom, it’s surprising how many people start constructing rafts before taking the basic step. Some of the key materials and tools you’ll likely need include:
- Treated lumber
- Pressure-treated boards
- Large plastic barrels
Purchasing all materials and tools online will make the entire process much easier, as you can get them via one-stop shopping.
- Build the raft close to a big body of water
This solves various issues. It will reduce the cost of transporting the raft to the lake, sea, etc. It will make it easier to test the diving raft, as you’ll be by the body of water to make it easier.
- Construct the raft by using a step-by-step process
The steps will vary based on the tap of raft you build. However, the general steps will be to build the frame, construct the frame supports, attach the floating barrels, adjust the platform, and install an aluminum ladder.
6. Have the raft inspected before using it
This is critical as it might seem that you’ve constructed a sturdy raft, but then discover that it’s unstable. It’s critical to have an expert check out the raft, in order to be 100% certain. The time to learn if there are any needed tweaks is before you take out the raft for scuba diving, rather than when you’ve already started using it.
Rigging a fishing kayak differs from the owners’ perspective. Each one always has their own idea and concept of a Fishing kayak in mind. There are broad and diverse types of kayaks that can match your style; can suffice you with comfort and can suite your uniqueness when it comes to fishing. However, in spite of this diversity, the main ingredients in doing fishing kayaks are unified which are the traditionally used milk crates and bungee cords. However, nowadays due to technological advancement, there are already some stuff invented to make rigging even more fishing friendly and comfortable.
Like all other procedures, you have to gather necessary equipments to make your work efficient and for you not to get exhausted from going to and fro just to get something you forgot to prepare. The necessary things that you should prepare before starting are the following:
- Foot rope
- Carry handle
- Snap hook
- Wire or hooks
- milk crate will do
- Bungee ropes
- PVC pipe
- Dry storage box
When we talk about rigging a fishing kayak, it usually involves 4 easy steps as follows:
Step 1 – Creating the face of you kayak. It is important to put on a rig on the front area of your kayak. With this, you have to consider the width and length of your kayak’s front area. Grab a foot rope and start to measure from point A to point B in a crisscross manner making sure that both ends and sides are equal. This will help us know the length of the foot rope that we will need for the rig. After which, if you wanted to create a holder or something for you to tie on your kayak on shore, you can opt to add a snap hook and attach the carry handle on it. This will surely create a good hold for your kayak.
Step 2 – Paddle or rod holder. This idea can be more appreciated when you are using a sit in kayak or it is popularly known as the “SINK”. In this step, you are to learn how to do your own holder by just using a hook or wire. You have to measure the right length of your wire to the circumference of your rod to make sure that it really do holds the rod. Make sure to use the durable and thick kind of wire to stiffly hold the paddle. To make it even more strong and durable, you can bend it and twist it to have it in duos.
Step 3 – The crate is a very important aspect in a kayak. You can use milk crate for this, just make sure to have it well established, durable and can hold enough things. This is now the time for you to use the PVC pipe and bungee ropes. Just make sure to also create a rig in this portion to assure durability and it can really hold the milk crate.
Step 4 – The best option for your seat. Since you are the engine, you have to be seated comfortably. Also, better choose a seat that has no cushion to maintain the balance.
Transporting and getting an object from one point to another can be quite challenging most especially if this thing comes is a massive weight. Say for an instance,a fishing vessel needs some repair which requires it to be moved from point A to point B. The process of doing this form of transportation could be very impossible if there is nothing that can support the transfer. To make this process successful though, we have to use something to support the transfer which could be a tackle, chain or rope systemand this is what we called rigging.
In short, rigging serves as a material to sustain and support transportation making an upkeep or construction even more possible. Rigging however may vary depending on the type of materials used. The common ones are chains, slings, shackles, knotted ropes, hoist and hooks. These materials should be durable enough to sustain and withstand the weight of the object it carries. If you are to conceptualize the process, you will understand that it involves a lot of danger and is hazardous. This is because of these rigs fail, the lives of the rigger (surrounding workers) doing the repair will be at risk, then, you know what will happen next.
Before a rigging task is done, it is very important to conduct a seminar most especially if the riggers are new. A simple seminar will help them understand the mechanics, whereabouts and the dos and don’ts in doing the job. The seminar should cover certain areas to enhance the knowledge of the riggers like the following:
- What to expect
- What are the hazards involved
- Roles specifics
- The responsibilities that each one has to commit
- To enhance the ability to identify the materials used as well as its capacity
- Learning the different modes of communication used to avoid misunderstanding
- Being familiarized with the specific weights of the materials
- Techniques on how to attach and disconnect the rig
Learning these basics is not enough if they don’t have any idea about the specifics to avoid breakdown of the materials. That is why regular check up of the rigging equipments and gears should be highlighted to make sure that they are capable and safe to do the next task. Also, keep in mind that every rigging materials have their own capacity to maintain that is why overloading is a big no, no. With this routine, you can also check if a part or equipment is defective, thus it’s time for you to condemn it or to change it before using.
In general, rigging task involves a lot of risk and danger that is why it is very important to know the basics and be cautious all the time. Also, it is necessary for the rigger to be trained in various fields aside from attending seminars alone.A trained rigger knows how to anticipate whether there will be an impending danger or none; they are familiar with the different rigging equipment and techniques which will make the job efficient and perfect; they know the weight capacity of each material creating and promoting a safer working environment is therefore guaranteed.
Here’s another quick and cool rigging how-to from Trimer Rigger!
You never know when you’ll need to haul, lift or hang something in whatever kind of environment you’re in. Maybe you wanna’ hang a deer from a tree or just need to move some big timber. Shit, maybe you’re just moving that old engine that’s been sitting around in your garage that you’ve told everyone that’s come over for the past 5 years that “you’re working on”. Or maybe you’re just looking for a great way to move, hang and store your kayak, canoes or bikes in the garage. Whatever the case, you just don’t know when knowing how to rig a pulley hoist will come in handy.
Tools You’ll Need:
- Drill and Bit (Manual bore drill if outside)
- 2 screw in hooks
- Double Pulley
- 2 single pulleys
- Rope or cord
- 2 carabiners
Note: The size, strength and diameters of the above tools are relevant to the size and strength of the pulley you’re looking to construct. Plainly said, “what are you trying to move with your pulley”?
How to Rig a Pulley Hoist
- Find two cross-beams (or similar cross branches in a sturdy tree if you’re outside) that you can effectively secure the screw in hooks. Drill or bore a pilot hole that is smaller than the diameter or the screw in hooks.
- Screw hooks into beams or branches until flushness with object. Ensure that it is secure by doing a hand torque with pliers or vise grips.
- Hang your double pulley on one of the hooks you just installed and, obviously, use the other hook to hang a single pulley.
- Feed your rope or cord through one side of the hanging double-pulley and pull down so that you can easily get to and work with it.
- The next feed of the rope is through a single pulley inverted, so that the eye of the single that is on top is now on the bottoom. Attach the carabiner and then feed the end of the rope or cord through the double pulley that is without rope or cord and then pull it through the hanging singel pulley that you put on the other hook.
- Put the free end of the cord or rope through the single pulley that hanging on the hook. Pull 12 to 24 inches of rope or cord down past the pulley. Double the rope or cord several inches from the end to form a working loop. Tie a simple overhand knot to secure the loop in the end of the rope or cord. Attach a carabiner to the loop.
- Connect the carabiners to the deer, bear, tree log, kayak, canoe, bike or other object in equally spaced points that you’re trying to move or store. Pull the rope through the pulley hoist to raise the object to the ceiling. Securely tie off the rope to hold the object suspended from the pulley hoist.
Rig hardy, my friends…
Many people image a diver with a big knife strapped to their ankle, sheathed and look really bad ass. They envision the diver using this huge, Crocodile Dundee-looking knife to fight of sharks and cut their way out of giant squid. However, that’s not really the case.
Many divers today don’t even strap their knifes to their ankles any longer. Most divers don’t opt for the large dive knifes. However, a lot of divers to attach more than one, smaller knife to different spots on their body when diving.
Rigging a Dive Knife to the Body
Why Not the Ankle?
Unless you have on only snorkel gear and you’re riding the surface, then attaching a dive knife to your ankle is just not a good idea. It won’t always be easy to get to way down on your ankle and can easily get tangled and caught up with many things when diving. Most people recommend that if you’re going to attach your knife to your ankle then you should do so on the INSIDE of the calf/ankle area so that it it is less likely to get caught.
How Big? What’s it REALLY for?
Diving knifes don’t have to be the huge, monstrous things blades that we talked about in the first paragraph. Many divers are opting for smaller knives without a tip. Why? Because all you really need it for when diving is to cut. You need to be able to saw through a line that you’re caught in. This is especially important when diving wrecks and the like. In a confined space you need to be able to cut away anything that you might be caught on. The sharp, pointed tip of a dive knife rarely becomes necessary and can actually cause you more harm than good.
Places to Attach
So where do you rig your diving knife? Some people still put them on their lower bodies, around the ankles and calve. Again, it’s smarter to put this on the INSIDE of the leg rather than the outside to avoid getting caught and snagged. Others rig their dive knives to their belt/wait area or chest/shoulder area by rigging it to their BCD or other SCUBA gear.
Note: Some people are not even wearing dive knives, anymore. Instead, these people are opting for just wire/rope cutters. We can’t recommend that because you never know when an actual serrated knife blade will come in handy.
Rig Happy….Rig Hard. Rig the World.
As outdoorsy type of people many of like to fish. Catching fish is fun, sure, but as survivalists and/or those who like/prefer to live off the land from time-to-time/most of the time we know that we have to catch fish in order to eat…perhaps, survive.
Kayak fishing is a great way to get out on the water and go to where the fish are. No need to cast from shore and look for fish. The kayak can bring your out into the middle of the lake/stream/bay/ocean and you can catch the fish where they are…away from the hooks. Sure, many species like the shade and cover of bramble, bush, and limbs but others are out in the middle. You can see them flapping out there all morning long!
A kayak needs to be rigged to be an effective fishing machine, though. You can go “all out” or “simple” but no matter which you decide there are going to be some basic needs and ideas that are paramount to kayak fishing success.
Let’s Rig Up a Kayak for Fishing….
Here’s a basic tip: No matter what kind of kayak, canoe, or raft you have, you’re going to need a place to put that rod. Many people like to use a three rod holder set-up with one in front and two in the rear as spares. Of course, this will change in the case of tandem kayaks.
Today most kayaks, especially those deemed “fishing kayaks” come with rod holders installed or have designated areas already in place for any aftermarket upgrading and installing you want to do.
The types of seats that you use can run the gamat and it all comes down to personal preference. How much padding a seat has, the angle of the back rest, the height of the back rest…it all determines whether you have a great or miserable time on the water. We highly recommend that, when possible, you test a series of different kayak seats with different options just to get a feeling of what works best for you. Your style of paddling and fishing, couples with your body composition and posture, will vary from mine so the type of kayak seat that I prefer will differ greatly from one that you might like. It’s a personal preference.
Let’s face it; there’s a limit to how much gear you can bring on a kayak. Lures, rods, water, food, safety equipment, fish finders, paddles…it all takes up space. Couple that with the over-whelming, constant desire to “try something new” in hopes of better and different results is always nagging at you. But you can’t just bring whatever you want.
My biggest tip would be to “go small”. Figure out which lures work best for you and pack them all the time and then limit and additional lures you take. Your center hatch should fit more than just your tackle. You have to keep in mind the need for safety gear and rations.
Remember, it’s not always the most advance gear that does the job the best. I know some people who put a milk crate into the tank well and then rig that up even further to maximize their space and organization. Check out the photo below.
LET’S GET SHOPPING!
It’s not easy to look through the vast collection of things called “kayak fishing accessories”, but you need to. I can’t sugar coat it for you. If you’re like me and you hate shopping then try doing some looking around online…even Amazon has great fishing and kayaking stuff. Don’t waste your money. Read the reviews. Buy what’s right for you. Hell, you can even get the milk crate at Amazon.
Remember, the main difference between fishing kayaks and a regular kayak is the rigging. Knowing how to rig your kayak for the kind of fishing that you want and prefer to do, while staying safe, is what this is all about. Even if you’re prepping and getting your kayak “good to go” for survival, then you should prepare now for every possibility and that rig you put to your kayak for fishing may be the difference between life and death later on down the road.
Rig Easy…Rig Thorough…Rig for Life.